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什麼是財務彈性?Financial Flexibility?

已更新:2020年3月14日


隨著時代的進步和發展,越來越多的工作已經開始向著精細化的程度去發展,這也讓不少的專業人士為了能夠獲得更高的薪資和地位,不斷的學習和努力,目的就是讓自己更加的專業一些。而在諸多的企業當中,財務絕對是每一個企業的核心所在,畢竟對於一家企業來說,如果財務出現狀況和問題,這件事情的嚴重性絕對不是大家能夠想象的到的,那麼站在財務的角度上,我們今天一同來瞭解一下,什麼是財務彈性吧?


財務彈性是指企業適應經濟環境變化和利用投資機會的能力,具體是指公司動用閒置資金和剩餘負債能力,應對可能發生的或無法預見的緊急情況,以及把握未來投資機會的能力,是公司籌資對內外環境的反應能力、適應程度及調整的餘地。例如,當企業突然需要一筆現金時,企業如何有效採取行動以籌得款項。


財務彈性的這種能力來源於現金流量和支付現金需要的比較。當企業的現金流量超過支付現金的需要,有剩餘的現金時,企業適應性就強。因此,通常用經營現金流量與支付要求(指投資需求或承諾支付等)進行比較來衡量企業的財務彈性。一般來說,一個企業如果完全通過權益資本籌集資金顯然是不明智的,因為其籌集方式使之不能得到負債經營的好處,但是風險隨著過度舉債比例的增大而增加,相應的企業的危機成本及代理成本的增加,使債權人風險加大,從而使其在債務契約中加入諸多限制性條款,使得公司在投資、融資及股利分配等財務決策方面喪失部分彈性。而保持適度的財務彈性,是靈活適應資本市場變動的必要條件;是合理運用財務槓桿收益的前提;是調整融資規模、融資結構的基礎。


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